Why Military Members Should Buy and Hold Real Estate

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You also get paid in real estate as your tenant is paying down your loan. As your loan amortizes every month, more of the principal is being paid and your equity is also growing.

Lastly, there are significant tax benefits that landlords and owners of real estate can take advantage of including write-offs and depreciation. For all of these reasons, it’s very critical that military members at least consider property ownership. Let’s look at a scenario of how renting compares to owning over a 15 year period.


S c e n a r i o

Let’s run a scenario on a property that I own. I’m intimately familiar with these numbers and I really want to show you the power behind it. This particular property is located outside of Fort Campbell in Clarksville, Tennessee. It cost $220,000 when I bought it. Using the VA loan, you could get into this property with zero money down. Current interest rates are super low, around 3%. So your monthly principal and interest payment, in this case, would be $927.50 total. That’s a 30-year term with 12 payments per year.

See the graphic below for the monthly expenses and returns; this particular property brings in $1,700 a month. I always like to give a 10% vacancy allowance, although this one has not been vacant for a single day. Insurance costs $55 a month; property taxes are $115 a month. There is an HOA fee, which is $30 which covers trash pickup. And then I currently pay a 7% management fee because I have a portfolio in the area, but the typical rate would be 10%, which is $153.

So total expenses on this property are $370. Take that gross operating income, which is $1,530; subtract those expenses, $353, and you’re left with $1,177 in net operating income.

Notice that the repairs and maintenance are zero for the first year. Since this is a new construction property, it had a builders warranty. Tennessee requires a builders warranty for at least year one, and other states have similar rules and regulations so always look for that warranty for security and to protect your cash flow.

Now you have that $1,177 in net operating income, you pay the mortgage payment which is $927.53 and you’re left with $249 each month. Annually, this adds up to $2,994. This is cash in your pocket. But that’s only one part of the story and doesn’t even cover the true power of real estate.

The below chart shows you how the value of your house goes up over time, and the equity you can build in a 15 year time period.

YEAR12345678
PROPERTY VALUE$220,000$226,600$233,398$240,400$247,612$255,040$262,692$270,572
DOWN PAYMENT$0$0$0$0$0$0$0$0
YEAR END LOAN AMOUNT$215,407$215,407$210,674$205,797$200,772$195,594$190,259$184,761
EQUITY$4,593$11,193$22,724$34,603$46,840$59,446$72,433$85,812
         
Gross Rent$1,700$1,751$1,804$1,858$1,913$1,971$2,030$2,091
Vacancy*10%10%10%10%10%10%10%10%
Adjusted Gross Income$1,530$1,576$1,623$1,672$1,722$1,774$1,827$1,882
  Property Management$153$175$180$186$191$197$203$209
  Property Taxes$115$125$115$125$115$125$115$125
  Insurance$55$55$55$55$55$55$55$55
  HOA$30$30$30$30$30$30$30$30
  Misc Expenses* (trash, lawn)$0$0$0$0$0$0$0$0
Total Operating Expenses$353$385$380$396$391$407$403$419
Net Operating Income$1,177$1,191$1,243$1,276$1,331$1,367$1,424$1,463
         
Loan payment$928$928$928$928$928$928$928$928
Net monthly cash flow$249$263$315$349$403$439$496$535
Net annual cash flow$2,994$3,159$3,784$4,183$4,838$5,269$5,957$6,421
         
Loan Balance$220,000$215,407$210,674$205,797$200,772$195,594$190,259$184,761
Principal Reduction$4,593$4,733$4,877$5,025$5,178$5,335$5,498$5,665
Ending Balance$215,407$210,674$205,797$200,772$195,594$190,259$184,761$179,096
         
Cash on cash + princ red.$7,587$7,892$8,660$9,208$10,016$10,604$11,454$12,086
Depreciation Benefits$2,240$2,307$2,376$2,448$2,521$2,597$2,675$2,755
Cash on cash + Princ + tax$9,827$10,199$11,037$11,656$12,537$13,201$14,129$14,841
YEAR9101112131415
PROPERTY VALUE$278,689$287,050$295,662$304,531$313,667$323,077$332,770
DOWN PAYMENT$0$0$0$0$0$0$0
YEAR END LOAN AMOUNT$179,096$173,258$167,244$161,046$154,659$148,079$141,298
EQUITY$99,594$113,792$128,418$143,486$159,008$174,999$191,472
        
Gross Rent$2,154$2,218$2,285$2,353$2,424$2,497$2,571
Vacancy*10%10%10%10%10%10%10%
Adjusted Gross Income$1,938$1,996$2,056$2,118$2,181$2,247$2,314
  Property Management$215$222$228$235$242$250$257
  Property Taxes$115$125$115$125$115$125$115
  Insurance$55$55$55$55$55$55$55
  HOA$30$30$30$30$30$30$30
  Misc Expenses* (trash, lawn)$0$0$0$0$0$0$0
Total Operating Expenses$415$432$428$445$442$460$457
Net Operating Income$1,523$1,564$1,628$1,673$1,739$1,787$1,857
        
Loan payment$928$928$928$928$928$928$928
Net monthly cash flow$595$637$700$745$812$860$930
Net annual cash flow$7,143$7,644$8,402$8,940$9,738$10,316$11,155
        
Loan Balance$179,096$173,258$167,244$161,046$154,659$148,079$141,298
Principal Reduction$5,837$6,015$6,198$6,386$6,581$6,781$6,987
Ending Balance$173,258$167,244$161,046$154,659$148,079$141,298$134,311
        
Cash on cash + princ red.$12,981$13,658$14,600$15,327$16,319$17,097$18,142
Depreciation Benefits$2,838$2,923$3,010$3,101$3,194$3,290$3,388
Cash on cash + Princ + tax$15,818$16,581$17,611$18,427$19,512$20,386$21,530

The value for this property was $220,000 when I bought it. For this scenario, we’re going to use the VA loan and put $0 down. In year one, you’re going to pay down the mortgage $4,593. Your loan amount is going down and your equity is going up. Also, notice how the rent increases every year, just as the value of the home increases. This is simply based on inflation and market appreciation, automatically making your cash flow increase because your mortgage payment never changes! In year one, your rent is $1,700, but in year 15, your rent is $2,571. So in year 15, your monthly cash flow is significantly higher and your equity has also vastly increased.

The property value is also going up 3% a year, in year 15 it’s worth $332,770.You now only owe $141,298 on the loan, and you have equity in the amount of $191,472, and this is simply because you’ve owned the property. This is automatically happening over time and your net worth is literally growing while you sleep!

So that’s after 15 years. Let’s pretend you have the luxury of living in this house for 15 years. So let’s just say you paid this rent for 15 years, $1,700 in rent, that’s $25,500 that you would basically be throwing away. You would be paying someone else’s mortgage.

Look at the swing here: you could have gained $191,000 worth of equity rather than throwing $25,500 in rent away. That difference between your $191,000 gain and your $25,000 loss is $216,000.

Hopefully, that paints a really good picture as to why you should purchase a property while you’re still in the military. And if you replicate this and repeat a few times over a career, this can be incredibly powerful.

Now that you’ve seen the power of real estate played out in a real-life scenario, it’s important to note that home ownership is not for everyone! You need to look at the whole picture, the good and the bad, before deciding to purchase real estate.

                                PROS

  1. Real Estate is simple and easily learned.
  2. You can improve your assets.
  3. Real Estate is the only asset that reacts proportionately with inflation.
  4. Real Estate can be financed and leveraged!
  5. Inefficient markets mean a potential for very high profits.
                           CONS
  1. High transaction costs.
  2. Low liquidity.
  3. Maintenance and Management.
  4. Financial and Legal Liability.
  5. Inefficient markets increase the risk

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